Nappy rash, medically known as diaper dermatitis is a form of dermatitis around the groin, upper thighs and buttocks. As the name suggests, it is commonly found in babies and children under 2 and usually stops when a child no longer wears diapers.
What is the Cause of Nappy Rash?
Nappy rash is caused by skin irritation associated with prolonged contact with urine and faeces. After the skin has become irritated, red and inflamed, bacteria and yeast will grow on these raw areas. The infection further inflame the affected area, further exacerbating the rash.
How to Manage a Nappy Rash?
The best treatment for diaper dermatitis is to prevent it from happening in the first place. This is best achieved by frequent diaper change. If a rash is discovered, then change the diaper at least every two hours during the day and once during the night. To prevent unnecessary irritation, the baby should only be wiped clean after bowel movement and a protective ointment (such as a cream containing zinc oxide) to act as barrier between the excrements and the skin. Contrary to popular belief, talcum power has not been clinically proven to prevent nappy rash. In fact, it may even worsen the rash, especially in the creases of the legs.